RESEARCH

ATF4-SLC7A11-GSH axis mediates the acquisition of immunosuppressive properties by activated CD4+ T cells in low arginine condition

来源 :基础医学系    发布时间 :2024-04-01    浏览次数 :143

Abstract

The tumor microenvironment (TME) is restricted in metabolic nutrients including the semi-essential amino acid arginine. While complete arginine deprivation causes T cell dysfunction, it remains unclear how arginine levels fluctuate in the TME to shape T cell fates. Here, we find that the 20-μM low arginine condition, representing the levels found in the plasma of patients with cancers, confers Treg-like immunosuppressive capacities upon activated T cells. In vivo mouse tumor models and human single-cell RNA-sequencing datasets reveal positive correlations between low arginine condition and intratumoral Treg accumulation. Mechanistically, low arginine-activated T cells engage in metabolic and transcriptional reprogramming, using the ATF4-SLC7A11-GSH axis, to preserve their suppressive function. These findings improve our understanding of the role of arginine in human T cell biology with potential applications for immunotherapy strategies.

原文链接:ATF4-SLC7A11-GSH axis mediates the acquisition of immunosuppressive properties by activated CD4+ T cells in low arginine condition - PubMed (nih.gov)