RESEARCH

NRF2 has a splicing regulatory function involving the survival of motor neuron (SMN) in non-small cell lung cancer

来源 :基础医学系    发布时间 :2023-10-26    浏览次数 :117

Abstract

The nuclear factor erythroid 2-like 2 (NFE2L2; NRF2) signaling pathway is frequently deregulated in human cancers. The critical functions of NRF2, other than its transcriptional activation, in cancers remain largely unknown. Here, we uncovered a previously unrecognized role of NRF2 in the regulation of RNA splicing. Global splicing analysis revealed that NRF2 knockdown in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) A549 cells altered 839 alternative splicing (AS) events in 485 genes. Mechanistic studies demonstrated that NRF2 transcriptionally regulated SMN mRNA expression by binding to two antioxidant response elements in the SMN1 promoter. Post-transcriptionally, NRF2 was physically associated with the SMN protein. The Neh2 domain of NRF2, as well as the YG box and the region encoded by exon 7 of SMN, were required for their interaction. NRF2 formed a complex with SMN and Gemin2 in nuclear gems and Cajal bodies. Furthermore, the NRF2-SMN interaction regulated RNA splicing by expressing SMN in NRF2-knockout HeLa cells, reverting some of the altered RNA splicing. Moreover, SMN overexpression was significantly associated with alterations in the NRF2 pathway in patients with lung squamous cell carcinoma from The Cancer Genome Atlas. Taken together, our findings suggest a novel therapeutic strategy for cancers involving an aberrant NRF2 pathway.

原文链接:NRF2 has a splicing regulatory function involving the survival of motor neuron (SMN) in non-small cell lung cancer | Oncogene (nature.com)